Wisdom teeth are the third and fourth set of molars. They usually appear as the last permanent teeth within the mouth. In most cases, they begin growing when individuals are between the ages of 17 and 25. For some people the wisdom teeth erupt normally with no problems at all, while others end up with impacted wisdom teeth, meaning the wisdom teeth do not have enough room to grow. They may partially erupt or sit below the surface of the gums. This can lead to many problems, such as:
- Damage to the tooth next to the impacted wisdom tooth
- Cyst development around the wisdom tooth
- Bone damage
- Severe pain
All of these problems can be serious, which is why wisdom teeth extraction may be needed.
Wisdom Tooth Extraction Procedure
Wisdom tooth extraction is performed on an outpatient basis, meaning a patient can go home afterwards. Using local anesthesia, the dentist will first numb the area surrounding the wisdom tooth that is to be extracted. He or she then makes an incision in the gum tissue to expose the bone holding the wisdom tooth. Afterwards, the wisdom tooth is removed and the area is cleaned.
Are there any complicaitons following the extraction?
One of the most common complications is a dry socket. This is when blood clots have not formed yet and the healing is delayed.
Damaged or bruised nerves is another complication that may arise. It is also known as paresthesia and is less common. You may feel your tongue, chin and lips are numb. This may last for a few days, weeks or months.
If you face any complications contact your dentist immediately.