What is TMD/TMJ?
The temporomandibular joint connects the lower jaw to the temporal bones of the skull, which are located in front of each ear. This highly flexible joint allows you to freely move your jaw. It also allows you to chew, talk, and yawn.
If you have pain, discomfort, inflammation or other problems with the temporomandibular joint, then it is likely you are suffering from a temporomandibular joint disorder. It is commonly referred to as TMD or TMJ.
Symptoms of TMD
When considering whether or not you have TMD, it’s crucial to know the signs and symptoms. These might include:
- Limitation of jaw movement
- TMJ and muscle tenderness
- Swelling on the face
- Popping or clicking sounds when opening the mouth
- Teeth grinding
- Difficulty in opening or closing the mouth
- Pain in the face and jaws
Some of the noticable signs of TMD are weight loss, dehydration and poor oral health as a result of the immobility and pain caused by this condition.
Causes of TMD
The cause of TMJ is not always known. Some studies suggested that it can be hereditary, and is sometimes caused by trauma, such as a car accident, or by shoddy dental work. The onset can be sudden or gradual.